Lesson Plan

Beyond 94: Evaluating Canada’s path to reconciliation

How much progress has Canada made towards addressing the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's 94 Calls to Action?

Grade, level

Grade 12, University Preparation

Subject(s)

Canadian and World Studies, History, CHI4U

Time

50 minutes


Ontario curriculum expectations  
Canadian and World Studies: Grade 12: Canada: History, Identity, and Culture, University Preparation: Specific expectation(s)
E. Canada since 1945
E1. Setting the Context — analyse various social/cultural, economic, and political events, trends, and/or developments in Canada since 1945 and their impact on the development of the country
E1.1 analyse key social/cultural trends and developments in Canada during this period, including changes in social attitudes/values, and assess their significance for the development of Canada, including the development of identity in Canada

CBC News’ Beyond 94 website monitors the progress made in regards to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s 94 Calls to Action. (Screen capture)

Lesson overview

Essential question

How much progress has Canada made towards addressing the 94 Calls to Action?

What is Beyond 94?

Instructional goals

Learning intentions

Today I will…

  • identify the progress of numerous Calls to Action using the Beyond 94 website;
  • compare and contrast one completed Calls to Action with another not started or still in progress;
  • evaluate how Calls to Action, either not started or still in progress, could be completed.

Success criteria

After the lesson, students can…

  • use the Beyond 94 website to identify and compare the progress of the TRC’s 94 Calls to Action;
  • analyse key social/cultural trends and developments in Canadian-Indigenous reconciliation, including changes in social attitudes/values, and assess their significance for the development of Canada, including the development of identity in Canada (see specific expectation E1.1).

Prior knowledge activation

Students have…

  • deep familiarity with the history and impact of the Canadian Residential School system;
  • deep familiarity with Canadian-Indigenous reconciliation;
  • an understanding of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and its 94 Calls to Action.

Classroom organization

Classroom setup

Standard classroom setup for direct instruction and reading and writing activities.

Classroom supplies

Projector, slideshow with multimedia elements (including audio/video), paper, pencils/pens. 

Student technology integration

Internet connection, smartphone, Chromebook or laptop with access to a word processing program for note-taking (shared among students if necessary, and as required for those with Individual Education Plans).

Accommodation-differentiation

Assistive technology, computer options (audio/video), multi-sensory presentation, extended time for processing, oral responses, predictable environment, ability grouping, strategic seating.

Three-act lesson plan

Introduction (5 minutes)

  1. Before class, prepare to present a short CBC News video report.
  2. Introduce the lesson’s essential question.
  3. As a classroom discussion prompt, ask students, “What are the 94 Calls to Action?” [Ask the question in point #3 once it is answered or provide the answer if it is not reached: “The 94 Calls to Action a list of specific ways for Canada to take action to repair the harm caused by residential schools and move forward with reconciliation.”]
  4. Continue with the classroom discussion: ask students, “How much progress has Canada made towards addressing the 94 Calls to Action?”
  5. Close the discussion once a variety of opinions have been shared and move on to watching the short CBC News video report, which sets up the forthcoming activity and addresses the essential question.

Is the Canadian government delivering on Truth and Reconciliation (CBC via YouTube, 2:43)

Originally aired on CBC News: The National, March 19, 2018.

Activity (40 minutes)

Closure (5 minutes)

As an exit card activity, have each student answer the following question in a short paragraph to be submitted to the instructor on a provided paper worksheet or digitally before leaving class: “Is Canada working progressively to address each of the 94 Calls to Action? Explain why or why not.”

Assessment

As learning

Beyond 94 discussion-research activity.

For learning

Exit card activity.

Resources and handouts

Resources

Is the Canadian government delivering on Truth and Reconciliation (Video, 2:43)

Originally aired on CBC News: The National, March 19, 2018.

Beyond 94: Truth and Reconciliation in Canada

CBC News’ Beyond 94 website monitors the progress made in regards to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s 94 Calls to Action.

Handouts

  • Beyond 94 discussion-research activity outline, worksheet
  • Exit card activity

References

CBC News. (2018, March 19). Beyond 94: Truth and Reconciliation in Canada. Retrieved from https://www.cbc.ca/beyond94/

CBC News: The National. (2018, March 19). Is the Canadian government delivering on Truth and Reconciliation [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E8e-OguZ7EU

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