Introduction

Goldberg E, Smith JZ. Stigma, social context, and mental health: Lesbian and gay couples across the transition to adoptive parenthood. Journal of Counselling Psychology. 2011; 58(1):139-150.

Payne & Smith (2011). The Reduction of Stigma in Schools: A New Professional Development Model for Empowering Educators to Support LGBTQ  Students, Journal of LGBT Youth, 8 (2), 1-28.

History

Chambers, S. Pierre Elliott Trudeau and bill C-150: a rational approach to homosexual acts, 1968-69.. Journal of Homosexuality. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20390992

Scoboni, L. High Park Homophobia. Murder Village. February 7, 2018. Retrieved from http://murdervillage.com/1985/06/22/high-park-homophobia/

Support Our Youth. Youth Digital Media Ecologies in Canada. Retrieved from http://ydme.ca/supporting-our-youth/index.html

Jeremy Dias. The Canadian Centre for Gender + Sexual Diversity. Retrieved from http://ccgsd-ccdgs.org/jeremy-dias-3/

Tad Milmine. Jamie's Story. Bullying Ends Here. Retrieved from http://www.bullyingendshere.ca/jamies-story/

Majeed, A. Both-And: The Lee Hicks Story. Indiegogo. Retrieved from https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/both-and-the-lee-hicks-story#/

Sarah Brown et al.. LGBTQ Education Timeline. Elementary Teachers’ Federation of Ontario. Toronto District School Board. (n.d.). Triangle Program. Retrieved November 23, 2018, from https://triangleprogram.ca/

CBC News. (2016, June 15). Triangle Program, Canada's only LGBT high school, a safe space for students. Retrieved from https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/triangle-program-lgbt-high-school-1.3637733

Nonato, S. D. (2012, February 2). Ontario, Catholic schools face off over gay-straight alliances. Retrieved from https://nationalpost.com/news/canada/ontario-catholic-schools-face-off-over- gay-straight-alliances

Janet French. Catholic school districts want their own sex-education curriculum. The Edmonton Journal. October 23, 2017.

Jack Hauen. The differences between Ontario’s interim sex-ed curriculum and 2015′s. The Globe and Mail. September 4, 2018.

Paola Loriggio, Shawn Jeffords. Ontario’s interim sex-ed curriculum vague and confusing, experts and board say. The Globe and Mail. August 26, 2018.

Statistics

Sex and Gender Diversity Among Transgender Persons in Ontario, Canada. (2014). Trans PULSE Project. Retrieved from http://transpulseproject.ca/research/sex-gender-diversity-among-transgender-persons-ontario-canada-results-respondent-driven-sampling-survey/

Transgender People in Ontario, Canada. (2015). Trans PULSE Project. Retrieved from http://transpulseproject.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Trans-PULSE-Statistics-Relevant-for-Human-Rights-Policy-June-2015.pdf

LGBTQ Rights in Schools. (2014). Canadian Civil Liberties Association. Retrieved from https://ccla.org/cclanewsite/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/LGBTQ-Rights-in-Schools-CCLA-and-CCLET-FINAL.pdf.pdf

LGBTQ Canadians disproportionately affected by violence according to Stats Canada survey. (2018). Global News. Retrieved from https://globalnews.ca/news/4255599/lgbtq-canadians-disproportionately-affected-by-violence-according-to-stats-canada-survey/

What You Should Know About LGBTQ Youth suicide in Canada. (2013). Egale Canada Human Rights Trust. Retrieved from https://egale.ca/backgrounder-lgbtq-youth-suicide/

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans & Queer identified People and Mental Health. Canadian Mental Health Association. Retrieved from https://ontario.cmha.ca/documents/lesbian-gay-bisexual-trans-queer-identified-people-and-mental-health/

Terminology

Comprehensive List of LGBTQ+ Vocabulary Definitions. Itspronouncedmetrosexual.com. Retrieved from https://ocdsb.ca/common/pages/DisplayFile.aspx?itemId=1660075

Resources

Gender Identity and Gender Expression: Guide to Support Our Students: Inclusive, Safe and Caring Programs. Ottawa-Carleton District School Board. Retrieved from https://ocdsb.ca/common/pages/DisplayFile.aspx?itemId=1660075

Murray, A.J. Activities and assignments. QueerInclusion.com. Retrieved from: https://queerinclusion.com/activities-and-assignments-3/

Weeks, L. (2011). "The Fa-Word: An Insulting Slur In the Spotlight". NPR.org. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/2011/05/28/136722113/the-fa-word-an-insulting-slur-in-the-spotlight

Children’s Books to Support LGBTQ Inclusive Elementary Schools. WelcomingSchools.org.  Retrieved from http://www.welcomingschools.org/resources/books/lgbtq-inclusive-schools/

Queer Scientists of Historical Note. National Organization of Gay and Lesbian Scientists and Technical Professionals. Retrieved from https://www.noglstp.org/publications-documents/queer-scientists-of-historical-note/

Gender Unicorn, The. Trans Student Educational Resources. Retrieved from http://www.transstudent.org/gender/

Ottawa Resource List for LGBTQ Youth. (2016). Centretown Community Health Centre. Retrieved from https://www.centretownchc.org/sites/default/files/LGBTQ Youth Ottawa Resource list update August 20 2016_1.pdf

Support

Greytak, E. A., Kosciw, J. G., & Boesen, M. J. (2013). Putting the “T” in “Resource”: The benefits of LGBT-related school resources for transgender youth. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10(1-2), 45-63. doi:10.1080/19361653.2012.718522

Dowshen, N., Meadows, R., Byrnes, M., Hawkins, L., Eder, J., & Noonan, K. (2016). Policy perspective: Ensuring comprehensive care and support for gender nonconforming children and adolescents. Transgender Health, 1(1), 75-85. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/trgh.2016.0002

DZURICK, A. [email protected] co. (2018). A CULTURE OF ACCEPTANCE: Practicing “Science for All” means acknowledging and including lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students in the classroom. Science Teacher, 85(4), 18–21. Retrieved from https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eue&AN=128884718&site=ehost-live

Heck, N. C., Flentje, A., Cochran, B. N., Heck, N. C., Flentje, A., & Cochran, B. N. (2011). Offsetting risks: High school gay-straight alliances and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth. School Psychology Quarterly, 26(2), 161-174. doi:10.1037/a0023226

McCabe, P. C., & Rubinson, F. (2008). Committing to Social Justice: The Behavioral Intention of School Psychology and Education Trainees to Advocate for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Youth. School Psychology Review, 37(4), 469–486. Retrieved from https://search-ebscohost-com.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/login.aspxdirect=true&db=eue&AN=508018545&site=ehost-live

Resistance

Thein H. Amanda (2013). Language Arts Teachers' Resistance to Teaching LGBT Literature and Issues. JSTOR. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/41804391?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

GLSEN (2017). The 2017 National School Climate Survey. Retrieved from https://www.glsen.org/sites/default/files/GLSEN 2017 National School Climate Survey NSCS – Full Report.pdf

Page, M. L. (2017). From Awareness to Action: Teacher Attitude and Implementation of LGBT-Inclusive Curriculum in the English Language Arts Classroom. SAGE Open. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244017739949

McCarthy, Justin (2018). Two in Three Americans Support Same-Sex Marriage. Gallup Poll. Retrieved from https://news.gallup.com/poll/234866/two-three-americans-support-sex-marriage.aspx

Analytic Conclustions

Robert J. Ballantyne

Beetz, C., Tschurtschenthaler, G. (Producers). Block, H., Riesewieck, M. (Directors). (2018). The Cleaners [Motion Picture]. Germany: Farbfilm Verleih.

Canadian Human Rights Act, RSC 1985, c H-6, Retrieved from http://canlii.ca/t/52zkk.

Hauen, J. (2018). The differences between Ontario’s interim sex-ed curriculum and 2015′s. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-the-differences-between-ontarios-interim-sex-ed-curriculum-and-2015s/

Jeffords, S. (2018). Doug Ford says he won’t proceed with gender identity proposal from PC convention. Globalnews.ca. Retrieved from https://globalnews.ca/news/4677109/ontario-education-minister-gender-identity/

Jolly, K. (2015). Reality check: What’s the evidence behind Ontario’s sex ed curriculum?. Globalnews.ca. Retrieved from https://globalnews.ca/news/1863258/reality-check-whats-the-evidence-behind-ontarios-sex-ed-curriculum/

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