Goldberg E, Smith JZ. Stigma, social context, and mental health: Lesbian and gay couples across the transition to adoptive parenthood. Journal of Counselling Psychology. 2011; 58(1):139-150.

Payne & Smith (2011). The Reduction of Stigma in Schools: A New Professional Development Model for Empowering Educators to Support LGBTQ  Students, Journal of LGBT Youth, 8 (2), 1-28.


Chambers, S. Pierre Elliott Trudeau and bill C-150: a rational approach to homosexual acts, 1968-69.. Journal of Homosexuality. Retrieved from

Scoboni, L. High Park Homophobia. Murder Village. February 7, 2018. Retrieved from

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Jeremy Dias. The Canadian Centre for Gender + Sexual Diversity. Retrieved from

Tad Milmine. Jamie’s Story. Bullying Ends Here. Retrieved from

Majeed, A. Both-And: The Lee Hicks Story. Indiegogo. Retrieved from

Sarah Brown et al.. LGBTQ Education Timeline. Elementary Teachers’ Federation of Ontario. Toronto District School Board. (n.d.). Triangle Program. Retrieved November 23, 2018, from

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Nonato, S. D. (2012, February 2). Ontario, Catholic schools face off over gay-straight alliances. Retrieved from gay-straight-alliances

Janet French. Catholic school districts want their own sex-education curriculum. The Edmonton Journal. October 23, 2017.

Jack Hauen. The differences between Ontario’s interim sex-ed curriculum and 2015′s. The Globe and Mail. September 4, 2018.

Paola Loriggio, Shawn Jeffords. Ontario’s interim sex-ed curriculum vague and confusing, experts and board say. The Globe and Mail. August 26, 2018.


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Analytic Conclustions

Robert J. Ballantyne

Beetz, C., Tschurtschenthaler, G. (Producers). Block, H., Riesewieck, M. (Directors). (2018). The Cleaners [Motion Picture]. Germany: Farbfilm Verleih.

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Jolly, K. (2015). Reality check: What’s the evidence behind Ontario’s sex ed curriculum?. Retrieved from

The Talk of the Town Reflections on the art of teaching
Spotlight Selected stories from the archive
Quotations Deep thoughts and inspiration

"In addition to time, craft also demands a conscience — a sense that it matters how well things are done, made, written, or spoken. ​"

Jim Burke on teaching English (2010)